Science Fiction Adapted to Film
380pp., Paperback, £18.99 (14 December 2016)
The focus of this study is the adaptation of sf literature to film. Its chief purpose is to explore how sf novels, novellas, and short stories worth reading have inspired films worth watching. The book concludes with a checklist of significant films adapted from sf works, and a list of primary and secondary texts that have been cited in the study.
Nicholas Ruddick has taught at the University of Regina since 1982. He currently teaches undergraduate courses on science fiction, fairy tales, and horror fiction, and graduate courses on science fiction novel-to-film adaptation and on Darwinism's influence on literature.
He is the author or editor of nine books. His monographs include Christopher Priest (Starmont, 1989); British Science Fiction: A Chronology 1478–1990 (Greenwood, 1993); Ultimate Island: On the Nature of British Science Fiction (Greenwood, 1993); and The Fire in the Stone: Prehistoric Fiction from Charles Darwin to Jean M. Auel (Wesleyan UP, 2009). He is the editior of the critical anthology State of the Fantastic (Greenwood, 1992), and has published scholarly editions of The Time Machine by H.G. Wells (Broadview, 2011), Ceasar's Column by Ignatius Donnelly (Wesleyan UP, 2003), The Woman Who Did by Grant Allen (Broadview, 2004), and The Call of the Wild by Jack London (Broadview, 2009).
He has published book chapters and articles on a wide variety of North American, British, and European nineteenth- and twentieth-century authors from Atwood to Zola, as well as dozens of reviews. He is currently writing a book tentatively entitled Science Fiction Adapted to Film: Attack of the Mutant Parasites.
Nicholas Ruddick served as Science Fiction Division Head of the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA) from 1988-92 and then as Vice-President of IAFA from 1992–5. He was appointed Univeristy of Regina President's Scholar from 2002–4. He served as Director of the Humanities Research Institute at the University of Regina from 2003–8. He has served as Head of the Department of English at the University of Regina from 2011–14.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Part I: ‘Shouting through Thick Felt in a Thunderstorm’: SF Writers on Film, SF Filmmakers on Literature
Part II: ‘Theory, hell’, said Montag. ‘It’s poetry’: Adapting Science Fiction to Film
Part III: High Adaptability: A Historical Survey
1. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818)
2. The Extraordinary Voyages of Jules Verne (1863–1905)
3. Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886)
4. Edwin A. Abbott’s Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions (1884)
5. The Scientific Romances of H. G. Wells (1895–1933)
6. H. Rider Haggard’s She (1887) and Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Lost World (1912)
7. Edgar Rice Burroughs’s Tarzan of the Apes and John Carter of Mars (1914–17)
8. John W. Campbell’s ‘Who Goes There?’ (1938)
9. George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
10. John Wyndham’s The Day of the Triffids (1951)
11. Jack Finney’s The Body Snatchers (1955)
12. Stanislaw Lem’s Solaris (1961)
13. Pierre Boulle’s Planet of the Apes (1963)
14. Philip K. Dick on Film I (1981–2001)
15. Philip K. Dick on Film II (2002–Present)
Part IV: Successful Adaptive Relationships: Ten Case Studies
1. Classic SF: H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds(1898) → The War of the Worlds (Byron Haskin, 1953) → War of the Worlds (Steven Spielberg, 2005)
2. Technophobic SF: Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451(1953) → Fahrenheit 451 (François Truffaut, 1966)
3. Socio-politico-linguistic SF: Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange (1962) → A Clockwork Orange (Stanley Kubrick, 1971)
4. The Technothriller: Michael Crichton, The Andromeda Strain (1969) → The Andromeda Strain (Robert Wise, 1971) → The Andromeda Strain (Mikael Salamon, TV 2008)
5. Alien Encounter SF: Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, Roadside Picnic (1972) → Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky, 1979)
6. New Wave SF: J. G. Ballard, Crash (1973) → Crash (David Cronenberg, 1996)
7. The Graphic SF Novel: Enki Bilal, La Foire aux immortels (1980) and La Femme piège (1986) and Froid équateur (1992) → Immortal (Ad Vitam) (Enki Bilal, 2004)
8. Feminist SF: Margaret Atwood, The Handmaid’s Tale (1985) → The Handmaid’s Tale (Volker Schlöndorff, 1990)
9. Slipstream Fiction: Christopher Priest, The Prestige (1995) → The Prestige (Christopher Nolan, 2006)
10. Post-Apocalyptic SF: Cormac McCarthy, The Road (2006) → The Road ( John Hillcoat, 2009)
Checklist of Significant SF Film Adaptations and their Sources